BAL Certificate and BAL Report

If your land is within Bush fire prone lands and positioned outside Bushfire Attack Level (BAL) 40 and Flame zone you may be able to satisfy Bushfire requirements through a BAL Certificate, also known as a BAL Report or Complying Development Certificate. This can be broadly determined if your land is between 50m to 100m from the nearest forested bush land.

Our BAL Certificate or BAL report incorporates a site inspection and satisfies the State Environmental Planning Policy Code (2008) The General Housing Code Part 3, Division 2, Clause 3.4 (2) (a) that the development will not be carried out on any part of the lot that is bushfire attack level-40 (BAL 40) or in the flame zone (BAL FZ), or the Rural Housing Code, Part 3A, Division 3 Subdivision 9, Clause 3A.37 (2) (b) the part of the lot on which the development is to be carried out and any associated access way is not in bushfire attack level-40 (BAL 40) or the flame zone (BAL FZ). There are other parts of this Code relating to bushfire which still must be met. 

Compliance to the BAL Certificate needs to be met. Prior to you being issued an occupation certificate, the BAL Report Certificate will be reviewed to ensure the development complies with the specifications of the BAL Certificate or BAL Report.


Bushfire Attack Level Certificate

A bushfire attack level certificate (BAL certificate) is a requirement for landowners that hope to develop a complying building on bushfire-prone land. Property in a bushfire prone area is likely to require a BAL certificate before you can obtain building approval from the local council or certifier.

Your BAL certificate certifies that your building and access to the building does not fall into the flame zone or the BAL-40 zone and other bushfire protection measures such as water, gas and electricity are meet.

Before we issue your bushfire attack level certificate, an inspection maybe required to assess the risk of potential fire damage to your property during a wildfire is completed. Factors that increase your fire risk include your proximity to flammable vegetation, the natural topography, and the climate in your area. Before you even start planning the development of your land, it is advisable to assess the BAL and bushfire planning requirements of the property through obtaining a Bushfire due diligence report.


How Does a Bushfire Attack Level Assessment Work?

  • An accredited bushfire consultant will conduct a site visit to determine your property’s BAL rating. The rating falls into five different zones ranging from BAL-12.5 to BAL-40. Property with a BAL-12.5 rating is low risk, while a BAL-40 rating is considered high-risk land. Extremely dangerous areas are known as flame zones (BAL-FZ).
  • We can issue a bushfire attack level report that identifies the BAL zones on your property for new developments. This report will help you make the most informed decision about where to place your building. It can also help you plan access routes and the placement of services and utilities.
  • Your BAL rating will affect your development plans, and it is wise to get your BAL assessed early in the land development process. If any parts of your structure are in moderate to high-risk zones, you will need to comply with bushfire planning regulations. There are many ways to improve your building’s compliance, including using fire-retardant building materials, careful landscaping with flame-resistant vegetation, and providing access routes in safe zones.


Knowing your bushfire attack level rating is crucial before you develop your land. Your BAL report helps you plan your development wisely from the start. BEMC is an accredited issuer of bushfire attack level certificates.